THE KNOWLEDGE MEDIA INSTITUTE

History of Flight

Key events

Flights of fancy

Models

Aerodynamics

How planes fly

Historical development

Aero-engines

Flyers

Cayley

Lilienthal

Phillips

The Wright Brothers

Santos-Dumont

Cody

Links

About FirstFlight

Santos-Dumont - aircraft

Santos-Dumont's first flew around Paris in balloons with small petrol engines attached to the basket. His later balloons were of a 'semi-rigid' design, but just as dangerous to fly as they were still filled with hydrogen.



He used the no. 14, a ballon/plane hybrid, in an attempt to understand how to achieve controlled flight.



Santos-Dumont made the first 'hopflights' in Europe in 1906 in the 14-bis, the no. 14 without the balloon, and then achieved greater success with the Demoiselle monoplane in 1909.